Versailles is a city on the western edge of the French capital city Paris, now part of the sprawling metropolis within the Ile de France region. Versailles is best known for being the site of the vast royal palace and gardens built by King Louis XIV on what had been the grounds of a royal hunting lodge. It is also one of the wealthiest cities near Paris.
Versailles served as the de facto seat of government on multiple occasions throughout French history, and acted as a retreat during periods of revolutionary insurrection in Paris, notably during the years of the Paris Commune in which a leftist government was established in Paris itself, forcing the government of the French Third Republic to move to Versailles.
The Palace of Versailles, also known as the Château de Versailles, has been the scene for several historic events, not the least of which was the signing, on 28 June 1919 in the Hall of Mirrors, of the Peace Treaty between defeated Germany and the Allies that brought the First World War formally to an end.