Elk Island National Park is in the Edmonton Capital Region of Alberta, Canada, less than an hour's drive east of Edmonton on the Yellowhead Highway, as well as in East Central Alberta a half hour's drive west of Vegreville.
Famous as a refuge for grazing animals, the park has the second highest density of hoofed mammals per square area of any region on earth (excepting the Serengeti plains of East Africa). Visitors can see over 40 species of free-roaming mammals including plains bison, wood bison, elk (wapiti), moose, deer, beaver, and muskrat. Over 250 species of birds live here, making it a good place for birdwatching. This is one of the last remaining large areas of natural aspen parkland, one of the most endangered habitats in Canada, that is undisturbed by agriculture and other human activities.
Open year-round, park visitors can enjoy wildlife viewing, hiking, canoeing, kayaking, sailing, cross-country skiing, snowshoeing, golfing, picnicking and overnight camping. The park is the nucleus of the larger Beaver Hills a UNSECO Biosphere Reserve, which also includes Miquelon Lake Provincial Park, Cooking Lake-Blackfoot Provincial Recreation Area, the Ukrainian Cultural Heritage Village, the Ministik Lake Game Bird Sanctuary and the Strathcona Wilderness Centre.