Bangalore, now known officially as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. Nowadays it is a large, cosmopolitan city with a large working population. Bangalore is the major centre of India's information technology (IT) industry, and known worldwide as the "Silicon Valley of India".
Once called the "Garden City of India" and the "Pensioner's Paradise", these epithets don't apply to the modern Bangalore.
For many years, Bangalore was regarded in India as the most green, liberal and forward-thinking city. These attributes have propelled Bangalore to the forefront of India's high-tech industry boom, and it ranks as one of the most developed cities in India and one of the world's fastest growing urban areas.