Albany is a port city on the south coast of Western Australia, 400 km (250 mi) south of Perth, the state capital.
Albany is situated on Princess Royal Harbour, a natural inlet of the Southern Ocean, 5 km east west and 3 km north south. It is the oldest continuous European settlement in Western Australia, and was founded in 1826, three years before Perth. Until the construction of Fremantle Port in 1897, Albany was the only deepwater port in Western Australia.
With a distinctly different climate to most Western Australia, Albany is cool and wet, with a Mediterranean climate. It receives an average of 942 mm of rainfall per annum and its average summer temperature is only 22°C. Exports from the Albany port are grains, and woodchips. Imports are mainly raw materials for the production of fertilizers.